discover Holland

The country of tulips, clogs, windmills and channels

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Holland - The short facts

The capital and largest city in Holland is Amsterdam. Other major cities include Rotterdam, the Hague, Eindhoven and Utrecht.

Around 20% of Holland is located below sea level.
Holland is one of the most developed countries in the world, regularly finishing highly in the OECD Better Life Index. 

Holland is a famously liberal and cosmopolitan country, with inhabitants from all over the world, especially in the capital Amsterdam. 
Holland is a constitutional monarchy.
Holland borders Belgium and Germany.
The main language in Holland is Dutch.
The majority of Dutch people can speak more than one language.
Holland is part of the European Union and uses the Euro as its currency.
Holland also includes islands in the Caribbean named Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.​


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People of Holland

Dutch people are egalitarian, individualistic, and modern. The people of Holland view themselves as modest, independent and self-reliant.

The Dutch are proud of their cultural heritage, with its rich history of art and involvement in international affairs. Dutch manners are blunt with a no-nonsense attitude – a combination of informality and adherence to behavioural norms.  This might be perceived as impersonal and patronising by other cultures, but it is the norm in Dutch culture.​

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Holland - Climate & landscape

Holland have a temperate maritime climate influenced by the North Sea and Atlantic Ocean, with moderate winters compared to Scandinavian countries. Daytime temperatures varies from 2°C - 6°C in the winter and 17°C - 20°C in the summer.​
Winter temperatures can be up to 10 °C higher by the coast than further inland.

Holland is famously flat, with much of the country lying at or below sea level.
Holland’s largest national park is De Hoge Veluwe, which is best explored on one of its thousand free-to-use white bikes.
The Wadden Sea is the largest coastal tidal wetland in Europe and is on the World Heritage List. You can take a guided tour across the sea floor.​

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Discover the landscapes of Holland

Holland is famously flat, but still a land of contrasts. Travelling through the Dutch countryside or along its beautiful coastline offers a lot to see and do.

If you choose to visit the coast then island hopping among the Frisian Islands, with their idyllic beaches and nature walks, is highly recommended. 

I
f you prefer beach life, the seaside resorts of Zandvoort and Bloemendaal are great choices.  

Further afield from the main Dutch cities, you will also find many other picturesque Dutch cities worth a visit. 

Leiden, Rembrandt’s birth place, has a fantastic city centre, famous for its canals and good shopping. 

Haarlem is definitely one of the most beautiful historical cities in Holland. The city is located west of Amsterdam and has been the historical centre of the tulip bulb-growing district for centuries, bearing the nickname ’Bloemenstad’ (Flower City)​

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Want to be active in Holland?

Holland is not only perfect for cycling enthusiasts, but is also the perfect country to explore on foot. Vast heaths can still be found in the provinces of Drenthe, North Brabant and in the De Hoge Veluwe National Park. 

There are also plenty of opportunities to explore the beaches and dunes behind them on foot. 

There is always something happening on the Dutch lakes, rivers and seas. Water-skiing is popular in Holland, with Zeeland’s Delta and the lakes between Flevoland and Gelderland as some of the most popular destinations. If you enjoy sailing, you can rent sailboats and motorboats for cruising down the Amsterdam canals, or slow sailing on the beautiful lakes.

In Friesland, enjoy a day out on a historic Skutsje flat boat ship for a true Dutch experience.​


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